This site features a library of papers on LENR, Low Energy Nuclear Reactions, also known as Cold Fusion. (CANR, Chemically Assisted Nuclear Reactions is another term for this phenomenon.) The library includes more than 1,000 original scientific papers reprinted with permission from the authors and publishers. The papers are linked to a bibliography of over 3,500 journal papers, news articles and books about LENR.

This website includes:

Papers and Books for the general reader

This website provides scholars with papers and primary source material in easily accessible form. General readers are provided with reviews of the subject and books that give the history of the controversy and a summary of the scientific knowledge. Pictures and descriptions of experimental apparatus are also shown. Here are some of the popular papers for the general reader:

Storms, E., A Student’s Guide to Cold Fusion. 2003, LENR-CANR.org. Revised April 2012. Spanish edition Estudio de la Fusión en FríoBrazilian Portuguese edition Estudo Fusao a Frio. Russian version Руководство для изучающих холодный синтез.

Nagel, D.J., Scientific Overview of ICCF15. 2009

Rothwell, J., Cold Fusion And The Future. 2004. Chapter 1 of this book is a list of Frequently Asked Questions written by Rothwell and Mallove. Also available in Brazilian Portuguese and Japanese.

People looking for a quick, easy introduction to the field may enjoy our YouTube video A Brief Introduction to Cold Fusion. You can read the script and learn more about it here.

Here are some important reviews of the field:

U.S. Defense Intelligence Agency report on cold fusion: Technology Forecast: Worldwide Research on Low-Energy Nuclear Reactions Increasing and Gaining Acceptance DIA-08-0911-003, 13 November 2009

McKubre. Simultaneous Series Operation of Light & Heavy Water Cells; Excess Power vs. Current Density. Click image for details.

McKubre, M.C.H., Cold Fusion (LENR) One Perspective on the State of the Science. Proceedings 15th International Conference on Condensed Matter Nuclear Science (Part 1). 2009. See Introduction.

Hagelstein, P.L., et al. New Physical Effects in Metal Deuterides. in Eleventh International Conference on Condensed Matter Nuclear Science. 2004. Marseille, France. This paper references 130 other papers. Many are available in our library. See the list in our DoE Review Special Collection.

Several books about cold fusion have been published. General readers will find the following ones useful:

Mallove, E. “Fire From Ice”  describes the early history of the subject before 1991. Read selected pages in our library.

Beaudette, C. G., “Excess Heat: Why Cold Fusion Research Prevailed” gives an in depth history of the subject up to 2002. Read sample pages in our library.

Krivit, S. and Winocur, N, “The Rebirth of Cold Fusion: Real Science, Real Hope, Real Energy” provides another view of the history up to 2004. Read selected pages in our library.


For more technical detail see:

Mizuno, T., “Nuclear Transmutation: The Reality of Cold Fusion”  describes the experimental work of Prof. Mizuno. Read selected pages in our library.

Storms, E. “The Science of Low Energy Nuclear Reaction” describes the experimental work of Dr. Storms and compiles and summarizes most of the experimental and theoretical work in the field up to 2007.   Read selected pages in our library. An electronic edition is here.

Marwan, J. and Krivit, S., “Low-Energy Nuclear Reactions Sourcebook” is an edited collection of scientific papers that were presented at an American Chemical Society Meeting held in 2007. Now available: Low-Energy Nclear Reactions and New Energy Technologies Sourcebook Volume 2