International Low Energy Nuclear Reactions Symposium

International Low Energy Nuclear Reactions Symposium, ILENRS-12
The College of William and Mary, Sadler Center, Williamsburg, Virginia
July 1-3, 2012


Low Energy Nuclear Reactions (LENR) offer the prospect of clean, inexpensive, limitless, nonfossil renewable energy. The symposium will review LENR’s current theoretical and experimental status, including updating recent results. Expert panel discussions will evaluate the present state of the art and define future directions, including establishment of criteria for creating university-based, state-of-the-art LENR research and development centers.

Billionaire donates $5.5 million for cold fusion research at the University of Missouri

Sidney Kimmel, the founder of an apparel company has given the University of Missouri $5.5 million to study cold fusion. See these two articles in the Columbia Daily Tribune:

Billionaire helps fund MU energy research

Duncan talks ‘cold fusion’ at Saturday Science


Here is a new article in the MizzouWeekly, Nuclear researchers attempt to locate new source of renewable energy

New edition of A Student’s Guide to Cold Fusion

Edmund Storms has written a new edition of A Student’s Guide to Cold Fusion. This is one of our most popular papers, first introduced in 2003. Here is the Abstract:

“Evidence supporting cold fusion (LENR) is summarized and requirements an explanation must take into account are justified. A plausible nuclear-active-environment is identified by ruling out various possibilities and by identifying an environment that is common to all methods used to produce LENR. When this environment is combined with a plausible mechanism, many testable predictions result. These insights and proposals are offered to help clarify understanding of LENR and to suggest future studies.”

10th International Workshop on Anomalies in Hydrogen Loaded Metals

This conference was held on April 10 – 14, 2012. Most of the PowerPoint slides from the conference are here. We have uploaded some slides from Rick Cantwell, including:

Cantwell, R., D. McConnell, and T.N. Claytor, Search for excess heat in metal cathodes exposed to pulsed hydrogen plasma.

Dmitriyeva, O., et al., Effect of temperature gradient on calorimetric measurements during gas-loading experiments

Dmitriyeva, O., et al., Control of excess heat production in Pd-impregnated alumina powder

CERN Colloquium videos – Overview of Theoretical and Experimental Progress in LENR

Two video lectures have been uploaded to the CERN Document Server from a CERN Colloquium held on March 22, 2012:

Yogendra Srivastava
Professor of Physics
INFN & Department of Physics
University of Perugia, Perugia, Ital

Overview of LENT Theory (Low Energy Nuclear Transmutations)

The slides shown in the video are available here.

Francesco Celani
National Institute of Nuclear Physics, Frascati National Laboratories.
Vice-President of International Society for Condensed Matter Nuclear Science

Overview of Theoretical and Experimental Progress in Low Energy Nuclear Reactions (LENR)

The slides are here.


Edmund Storms on “The Space Show”

On January 8, 2012, Dr. Edmund Storms appeared on a Special Edition the Internet radio broadcast “The Space Show” with Dr. David Livingston. See: This is a Special Edition devoted to “exploring, understanding, and evaluating where the LENR field is today and what risks and challenges lie ahead before the observed phenomena is understood and can be commercialized.”

McKubre lecture at SRI’s Cafe Scientifique Silicon Valley on YouTube

On October 11, 2011, Mike McKubre of SRI gave a lecture titled “What Happened to Cold Fusion?” at SRI’s Cafe Scientifique Silicon Valley.

This is an up-to-date look at McKubre’s own work and at some of the major trends in the field, especially the gas-loading approach pioneered by Arata and Piantelli, which and now the focus of the field, especially with Rossi. It is available as an 8-part video on YouTube:

  1. Introduction
  2. Major Segments
  3. Department of Energy Reference
  4. Necessary but Not Sufficient Conditions
  5. Gas-Loading Experiments
  6. Experiments by Italian Scientists
  7. Recap
  8. Q&A Discussion

The slides from this presentation are here.

Rossi device again demonstrated in self-sustaining mode. Large reactor demonstrated

by Jed Rothwell

On October 7, 2011, Andrea Rossi performed another test of one of the reactors units he intends to use in a large 1 MW reactor. The test lasted nine hours. For nearly 4 hours there was no power input; the device was running in self-sustaining mode. (In the cold fusion literature, this mode is sometimes called “heat after death.” It was first described by Fleischmann and Pons in 1993.)

Although some experts question these results, most believe that the reactor must have produced large amounts of anomalous heat, for the following reasons:

The reactor vessel holds 30 L of water. This was first brought to boil with electric power. Anomalous heat production began. Two hours later, electric power was turned off. The anomalous heat continued in self-sustaining mode for nearly four hours after that. During this self-sustaining event, roughly 60 L of tap water flowed into the vessel, replacing twice the original volume. The surface of the reactor remained hot, at 60 to 80°C, which means it was poorly insulated and it radiated a lot of heat. Three hours into the event, a video shows that one of the observers accidentally touched an exposed metal surface. The metal was hot enough to make a person jump back in pain.

At the beginning of the self-sustaining event, the anomalous power was nominally 3 kW. An hour later it rose to 8 kW. It fluctuated, rising three times in all. At the end of the event, power was increasing again. Observers wanted to look inside the reactor, so Rossi quenched the reaction by venting gas from the cell and increasing the flow of cooling water. There is no way to know how much longer the reaction might have continued if it had not been deliberately stopped.

When a poorly insulated metal vessel is filled with 30 L of boiling water, it begins to cool immediately. It can only grow cooler; it cannot remain hot or grow hotter; that would violate the Second Law of Thermodynamics. When 60 L of cold tap water is poured into the vessel, replacing the original water in stages, this also cools it down. After one hour the vessel must cool down close to room temperature. It is physically impossible for the vessel to remain at boiling temperature for 4 hours unless something inside it is producing heat. There were no chemical or electrical sources of power inside this reactor so the heat must have come from an anomalous reaction.

Unfortunately, this test was marred by problems that made it impossible to accurately determine how much energy was produced. Peak power was nominally 8 kW but the instruments were so imprecise it might have been lower or much higher, perhaps 10 kW. Problems included: poorly placed instruments; the arrangement of the outlet hose that prevented accurate independent verification of temperature and flow rates; critical parameters such as flow rates not instrumented or recorded; and an instrument that was not set to record electronically, even though it would have taken only a moment to insert an SD card and begin recording. Critical temperature and flow data that should have been electronically recorded every minute had to be manually written down by Lewan. He was only able to read the instruments every 10 or 15 minutes, which left large gaps in the data.

These problems could have been fixed at in a few hours, at minimal expense. The test could easily have been arranged to answer most skeptical objections. All of these problems were anticipated because they were present in previous tests. Experts advised Rossi how to fix them in the weeks leading up to the test, but he ignored this advice.

Experts from Motorola and elsewhere have analyzed the data. Most of them have concluded that the excess heat was real, and anomalous.

An analysis by Horace Heffner is here.

On October 28, 2011 Rossi ran the entire array of 52 units. It apparently produced 470 kW, again with no input power. The test was described in NyTeknik.

Defkalion Green Technologies s.a. press conference

Defkalion Green Technologies, the company that will market the Rossi cold fusion reactor, held a press conference. They also opened their web site with material from the press conference and announcements:

See also Defkalion Green Technologies white paper: Company Overview — Market Strategy — Global Positioning.

According to the company — Defkalion Green Technologies has secured exclusive distribution rights for the entire world, except for the USA. It will start production and distribution of its products late this year, from its factory in Xanthi. It will sell initially to the Greek and Balkan markets. Two more factories are scheduled within 2012. International sales are already strong in demand, which will spur exports.

The focus of this press conference was mainly on the company’s commercial plans rather than technical information about the reactor. They did not demonstrate a reactor. They introduced to the public: the company, the Board of Directors and the investors. They discussed marketing plans, products and potential markets. A video of the press conference will be made, and it will be uploaded to YouTube. The press conference was in Greek. A YouTube version of the press conference with English subtitles will be uploaded to YouTube around June 28.

Marianne Macy published a report on the press conference here.

Some technical information about the Defkalion reactors is available here. This page also reports that the reactors are now being tested and certified by the Greek Ministry of Regional Development and Industry, and the Ministry of Environment and Energy. This information was published in the Defkalion discussion forum by the Defkalion staff.

Plans to begin commercial cold fusion reactor production this year

A company has been formed in Athens, Greece, Defkalion Green Technologies S. A., for the purpose of manufacturing and selling Andrea Rossi Energy Catalyzer cold fusion reactors. According to the Greek newspaper “Investor’s World” and other sources, the company is capitalized at €200 million, which includes €100 million to be paid in as royalties, presumably to Rossi. The Greek press says the company plans to manufacture 300,000 machines a year for the Greek and Balkan market. The company website says it has exclusive rights to sell the machines everywhere except the Americas.

Rossi has announced that he is fabricating a 1 MW reactor to produce hot water (not steam or electricity), scheduled for October 2011. He is building the machine in Florida before shipping it to the Defkalion factory. It will consist of 100 small devices similar to the one demonstrated at U. Bologna.

We have uploaded a new paper from Scott Chubb describing the Rossi device and recent events about it.