Current Science, Special Section: Low Energy Nuclear Reactions

The journal Current Science, Vol. 108, No. 4, published on February 25, 2015 includes 35 papers about cold fusion, Special Section: Low Energy Nuclear Reactions. The online edition is here.

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Papers

Preface
Srinivasan, M.; Meulenberg, A.
https://www.currentscience.ac.in/Volumes/108/04/0491.pdf

Cold fusion: comments on the state of scientific proof
McKubre, Michael C. H.
https://www.currentscience.ac.in/Volumes/108/04/0495.pdf

Extensions to physics: what cold fusion teaches
Meulenberg, A.

https://www.currentscience.ac.in/Volumes/108/04/0499.pdf

Phonon models for anomalies in condensed matter nuclear science
Hagelstein, Peter L.; Chaudhary, Irfan U.

https://www.currentscience.ac.in/Volumes/108/04/0507.pdf

Development status of condensed cluster fusion theory
Takahashi, Akito

https://www.currentscience.ac.in/Volumes/108/04/0514.pdf

Model of low energy nuclear reactions in a solid matrix with defects
Sinha, K. P.

https://www.currentscience.ac.in/Volumes/108/04/0516.pdf

Selective resonant tunnelling — turning hydrogen-storage material into energetic material
Liang, C. L.; Dong, Z. M.; Li, X. Z.

https://www.currentscience.ac.in/Volumes/108/04/0519.pdf

Coherent correlated states of interacting particles — the possible key to paradoxes and features of LENR
Vysotskii, Vladimir I.; Vysotskyy, Mykhaylo V.

https://www.currentscience.ac.in/Volumes/108/04/0524.pdf

How the explanation of LENR can be made consistent with observed behaviour and natural laws
Storms, Edmund

https://www.currentscience.ac.in/Volumes/108/04/0531.pdf

Introduction to the main experimental findings of the LENR field
Storms, Edmund

https://www.currentscience.ac.in/Volumes/108/04/0535.pdf

Review of materials science for studying the Fleischmann and Pons effect
Violante, V.; Castagna, E.; Lecci, S.; Sarto, F.; Sansovini, M.; Torre, A.; La Gatta, A.; Duncan, R.; Hubler, G.; El Boher, A.; Aziz, O.; Pease, D.; Knies, D.; McKubre, M.

https://www.currentscience.ac.in/Volumes/108/04/0540.pdf

Highly reproducible LENR experiments using dual laser stimulation
Letts, Dennis

https://www.currentscience.ac.in/Volumes/108/04/0559.pdf

Sidney Kimmel Institute for Nuclear Renaissance
Hubler, G. K.; El-Boher, A.; Azizi, O.; Pease, D.; He, J. H.; Isaacson, W.; Gangopadhyay, S.; Violante, V.

https://www.currentscience.ac.in/Volumes/108/04/0562.pdf

Progress towards understanding anomalous heat effect in metal deuterides
Azizi, O.; El-Boher, A.; He, J. H.; Hubler, G. K.; Pease, D.; Isaacson, W.; Violante, V.; Gangopadhyay, S.

https://www.currentscience.ac.in/Volumes/108/04/0565.pdf

Replicable cold fusion experiment: heat/helium ratio
Lomax, Abd ul-Rahman

https://www.currentscience.ac.in/Volumes/108/04/0574.pdf

Observation of radio frequency emissions from electrochemical loading experiments
Kidwell, D. A.; Dominguez, D. D.; Grabowski, K. S.; DeChiaro Jr, L. F.

https://www.currentscience.ac.in/Volumes/108/04/0578.pdf

Condensed matter nuclear reactions with metal particles in gases
Cravens, Dennis; Swartz, Mitchell R.; Ahern, Brian

https://www.currentscience.ac.in/Volumes/108/04/0582.pdf

Use of CR-39 detectors to determine the branching ratio in Pd/D co-deposition
Mosier-Boss, P. A.; Forsley, L. P.; Roussetski, A. S.; Lipson, A. G.; Tanzella, F.; Saunin, E. I.; McKubre, M.; Earle, B.; Zhou, D.

https://www.currentscience.ac.in/Volumes/108/04/0585.pdf

Brief summary of latest experimental results with a mass-flow calorimetry system for anomalous heat effect of nano-composite metals under D(H)-gas charging
Kitamura, A.; Takahashi, A.; Seto, R.; Fujita, Y.; Taniike, A.; Furuyama, Y.

https://www.currentscience.ac.in/Volumes/108/04/0589.pdf

Condensed matter nuclear science research status in China
Dong, Z. M.; Liang, C. L.; Li, X. Z.

https://www.currentscience.ac.in/Volumes/108/04/0594.pdf

Dry, preloaded NANOR®-type CF/LANR components
Swartz, Mitchell R.; Verner, Goyle M.; Tolleson, Jeffrey W.; Hagelstein, Peter L.

https://www.currentscience.ac.in/Volumes/108/04/0595.pdf

Directional X-ray and gamma emission in experiments in condensed matter nuclear science
Hagelstein, Peter L.

https://www.currentscience.ac.in/Volumes/108/04/0601.pdf

Observation and investigation of anomalous X-ray and thermal effects of cavitation
Vysotskii, V. I.; Kornilova, A. A.; Vasilenko, A. O.

https://www.currentscience.ac.in/Volumes/108/04/0608.pdf

Martin Fleischmann Memorial Project status review
Valat, Mathieu; Hunt, Ryan; Greenyer, Bob

https://www.currentscience.ac.in/Volumes/108/04/0614.pdf

Observation of neutrons and tritium in the early BARC cold fusion experiments
Srinivasan, Mahadeva

https://www.currentscience.ac.in/Volumes/108/04/0619.pdf

Introduction to isotopic shifts and transmutations observed in LENR experiments
Srinivasan, Mahadeva

https://www.currentscience.ac.in/Volumes/108/04/0624.pdf

Transmutation reactions induced by deuterium permeation through nano-structured palladium multilayer thin film
Iwamura, Yasuhiro; Itoh, Takehiko; Tsuruga, Shigenori

https://www.currentscience.ac.in/Volumes/108/04/0628.pdf

Biological transmutations
Biberian, Jean-Paul

https://www.currentscience.ac.in/Volumes/108/04/0633.pdf

Microbial transmutation of Cs-137 and LENR in growing biological systems
Vysotskii, V. I.; Kornilova, A. A.

https://www.currentscience.ac.in/Volumes/108/04/0636.pdf

Energy gains from lattice-enabled nuclear reactions
Nagel, David J.

https://www.currentscience.ac.in/Volumes/108/04/0641.pdf

Lattice-enabled nuclear reactions in the nickel and hydrogen gas system
Nagel, David J.

https://www.currentscience.ac.in/Volumes/108/04/0646.pdf

Summary report: ‘Introduction to Cold Fusion’ — IAP course at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA

Verner, Gayle; Swartz, Mitchell; Hagelstein, Peter

https://www.currentscience.ac.in/Volumes/108/04/0653.pdf

Status of cold fusion research in Japan
Kitamura, Akira

https://www.currentscience.ac.in/Volumes/108/04/0655.pdf

Condensed matter nuclear reaction products observed in Pd/D co-deposition experiments
Mosier-Boss, P. A.; Forsley, L. P.; Gordon, F. E.; Letts, D.; Cravens, D.; Miles, M. H.; Swartz, M.; Dash, J.; Tanzella, F.; Hagelstein, P.; McKubre, M.; Bao, J.

https://www.currentscience.ac.in/Volumes/108/04/0656.pdf

 

 

ICCF19 was held in April 2015

The ICCF19 International Conference on Condensed Matter Nuclear Science was held in Padua, Italy, April 13 – 17, 2015. The conference website is here:

http://www.iccf19.com/home.html

Here is an overview of the conference by David Nagel.

Levi et al. publish a second, extended report on Rossi reactor

The professors who published a report on Andrea Rossi’s high temperature reactor have followed up with second, extended test and a more detailed report:

Levi, G., et al., Observation of abundant heat production from a reactor device and of isotopic changes in the fuel. 2014, Bologna University. A copy is here.

Five outside experts in mass spectroscopy and related fields contributed four appendixes covering the radiation, materials, SIMS and ICP analyses. The research was sponsored by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Elforsk AB., Officine Ghidoni SA, and Industrial Heat LLC (USA).

This test produced 1.5 megawatt-hours of energy continuously, over 32 days. This is 5,825 MJ, or as much energy as you get from burning 139 kg of gasoline. This is a new record for a cold fusion reaction. Previous large reactions produced 50 to 300 MJ.

Michael McKubre reviewed the paper here.

Mats Lewan described the paper here.

Thomas Clarke reviewed that paper here, citing a number of errors.

Here is the Abstract and part of the conclusion:

New results are presented from an extended experimental investigation of anomalous heat production in a special type of reactor tube operating at high temperatures. The reactor, named E-Cat, is charged with a small amount of hydrogen-loaded nickel powder plus some additives, mainly Lithium. The reaction is primarily initiated by heat from resistor coils around the reactor tube. Measurements of the radiated power from the reactor were performed with high-resolution thermal imaging cameras. The measurements of electrical power input were performed with a large bandwidth three-phase power analyzer. Data were collected during 32 days of running in March 2014. The reactor operating point was set to about 1260ºC in the first half of the run, and at about 1400°C in the second half. The measured energy balance between input and output heat yielded a COP factor of about 3.2 and 3.6 for the 1260ºC and 1400ºC runs, respectively. The total net energy obtained during the 32 days run was about 1.5 MWh. This amount of energy is far more than can be obtained from any known chemical sources in the small reactor volume. A sample of the fuel was carefully examined with respect to its isotopic composition before the run and after the run, using several standard methods: XPS, EDS, SIMS, ICP-MS and ICP-AES. The isotope composition in Lithium and Nickel was found to agree with the natural composition before the run, while after the run it was found to have changed substantially. Nuclear reactions are therefore indicated to be present in the run process, which however is hard to reconcile with the fact that no radioactivity was detected outside the reactor during the run.

In summary, the performance of the E-Cat reactor is remarkable. We have a device giving heat energy compatible with nuclear transformations, but it operates at low energy and gives neither nuclear radioactive waste nor emits radiation. From basic general knowledge in nuclear physics this should not be possible. Nevertheless we have to relate to the fact that the experimental results from our test show heat production beyond chemical burning, and that the E-Cat fuel undergoes nuclear transformations. It is certainly most unsatisfying that these results so far have no convincing theoretical explanation, but the experimental results cannot be dismissed or ignored just because of lack of theoretical understanding. . . .

Magnus Olofsson, the CEO of Elforsk wrote about this paper in NyTeknik. He said (Google translation):

Elforsk has in recent years followed the development of what has come to be called nuclear reactions at low energy, LENR – Low Energy Nuclear Reactions. Elforsk include published a compilation of knowledge about LENR. Elforsk has also co-funded the current measurements and earlier measurements. While the earlier measurements showed an unexplained excess energy. . . .

Elforsk takes now the initiative to build a comprehensive Swedish research initiative. More knowledge is needed to understand and explain. Let us engage more researchers in searching [this] phenomenon and then explain how it works.

Here is the official statement about this paper at Elforsk’s website, in Swedish and English.

Mats Lewan reports on Rossi, and Defkalion

Reporter Mats Lewan of the Ny Teknik magazine has published a book about the cold fusion researcher Andrea Rossi. The book is titled An Impossible Invention. It is available in English, Swedish and Italian. You can read the first chapter or order the book here.

Nobel Laureate Brian Josephson published a comment at Nature.com describing the book:

The highlight of the week was the publication of Mats Lewan’s book ‘An Impossible Invention’, subtitled The true story of the energy source that could change the world. The author, a science and technology writer, has been investigating the controversial Rossi reactor or E-cat in depth in the 3 years since its initial presentation in Bologna in January 2011.  . . 

Besides following the course of developments in detail, Lewan gives much attention to the question of whether the device is genuine, or whether fraud is involved. One important event was a long-period investigation [by ELFORSK], published at arXiv:1305.3913, providing strong evidence of the production of anomalous heat.  . . .

This fascinating book provides the answers to many questions about the E-cat, and should be read by all skeptics.

(Quoted in full here.)

In his blog about the book, Lewan revealed that the video demonstration test performed by Defkalion Green Technologies during the ICCF18 conference in July 2013 was invalid. The flow rate was measured incorrectly, because the flow meter was affected by backflow. Subsequent tests showed that the meter sometimes measured as much as 1 L/min when the valve was closed and flow was zero. The instruments indicate spurious excess heat of up to 17 kW where the actual power is 2.5 kW.

The video demonstration test was performed in Italy by a join-venture company Defkalion Europe (DE). Luca Gamberale of DE discovered the problems with the test and wrote about them in his Final technical report on the Defkalion GT calorimetric protocol. As described in the report, when DE discovered the problems, they “immediately stopped/froze all negotiations with both Italian and foreign companies to protect their clients.” DE is now defunct.

Lewan’s blog entry and his discussion with Gamberale reveals even more problems with Defkalion.

 

ICCF18 Conference

The ICCF18 conference on Condensed Matter Nuclear Science (cold fusion) was held July 21 – 27, 2013 at the University of Missouri, Columbia MO. Here is the conference website. The University is uploading presentation slides and posters to MOSpace, the University of Missouri’s digital repository. You can search for specific authors or titles at MOSpace.

A proceedings will be published later.

There were 215 attendees from 21 countries. Here are some statistics from the conference.

ICCF18 group photo. From the ICCF18 Statistics document at the University of Missouri MOspace digital repository. Click for larger image.

ICCF18 group photo. From the ICCF18 Statistics document at the University of Missouri MOspace digital repository. Click for larger image.

 

Here is an overview of the conference by David Nagel.

Videos of most of the presentations are available from ColdFusionNow.org. Here are videos from:

Monday, July 22

Tuesday, July 23

Wednesday, July 24

Thursday and Friday, July 25 and 26

 

Download Mizuno’s ICCF18 paper here

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John O’M Bockris dead

Cold fusion researcher John O’M Bockis died on July 7, 2013 after a brief illness. He was hospitalized last week. He stayed alert and in good spirits, and was able to say goodbye to his friends and relatives. He was 90 years old.

See:

http://www.infinite-energy.com/images/pdfs/BockrisObit.pdf

Levi et al. publish a definitive test of the Rossi high temperature reactor

A group of seven professors has published a definitive test of Andrea Rossi’s high temperature reactor:

Levi, G., et al., Indication of anomalous heat energy production in a reactor device containing hydrogen loaded nickel powder. 2013, Bologna University.

The paper was uploaded to Cornell’s arxiv.org library, here: http://arxiv.org/abs/1305.3913v1 

Mats Lewan described the paper here:

https://matslew.wordpress.com/2013/05/20/two-100-hour-scientific-tests-confirm-anomalous-heat-production-in-rossis-e-cat/

Mark Gibbs of Forbes magazine described the paper here.

Financial support for the test was provided by the Alba Langenskiöld Foundation and ELFORSK AB. ELFORSK is an energy industry consortium. They issued a statement on their web site (in Swedish):

http://www.elforsk.se/Aktuellt/Svenska-forskare-har-testat-Rossis-energikatalysator–E-cat/

Google translate renders this:

Swedish researchers have tested Rossi energy catalyst – E-cat

Researchers from Uppsala University and KTH Stockholm has conducted measurements of the produced heat energy from a device called the E-cat. It is known as an energy catalyst invented by the Italian scientist Andrea Rossi.

The measurements show that the catalyst gives substantially more energy than can be explained by ordinary chemical reactions. The results are very remarkable. What lies behind the extraordinary heat production can not be explained today. There has been speculation over whether there can be any form of nuclear transformation. However, this is highly questionable. To learn more about what is going on you have to learn what is happening with the fuel and the waste it produces. The measurements have been funded by such Elforsk.

 

Here is the abstract from this paper:

An experimental investigation of possible anomalous heat production in a special type of reactor tube named E-Cat HT is carried out. The reactor tube is charged with a small amount of hydrogen loaded nickel powder plus some additives. The reaction is primarily initiated by heat from resistor coils inside the reactor tube. Measurement of the produced heat was performed with high-resolution thermal imaging cameras, recording data every second from the hot reactor tube. The measurements of electrical power input were performed with a large bandwidth three phase power analyzer. Data were collected in two experimental runs lasting 96 and 116 hours, respectively. An anomalous heat production was indicated in both experiments.

Graham Hubler appointed director of Nuclear Renaissance Institute

COLUMBIA, Mo. ­— University of Missouri Vice Chancellor for Research Rob Duncan has announced that Graham K. Hubler, a nuclear physicist who worked for the Naval Research Laboratory for 40 years, has been named director of the Sidney Kimmel Institute for Nuclear Renaissance (SKINR) at Missouri University.

See article here.

The Institute and the projects now underway there are described here.

Scientific American censors discussion of cold fusion, including statements by its own editors

The Scientific American published another attack on cold fusion, Ouellette, J., Genie in a Bottle: The Case Against Cold Fusion, in Scientific American. 2012. The author ignores the scientific literature and looks instead at movies, popular culture and mythology surrounding the 1989 announcement. She concludes that cold fusion does not exist.

In the on-line discussion of this article, the author allowed only skeptical arguments against cold fusion. She erased all rebuttals, and all messages supporting it, including: proof that many scientists support the research; that the effect has been widely replicated; and that over a thousand peer-reviewed papers on the subject have been published in mainstream journals. Finally, she erased messages quoting the editors of the Scientific American, and a message saying that peer-reviewed replicated experiments are the standard of truth in experimental science, which cited the Chairman of the Indian AEC and other distinguished scientists.

To paraphrase Marx, the opposition to cold fusion began as a tragedy and it is ending as a farce.

Edmund Storms wrote this response to this column:

The scientific proof supporting the claims made by Fleischmann and Pons is now overwhelming. This is not the opinion of a “handful of diehard supporters” but of several major universities and corporations. The information is easily obtained at LENR.org and in many books written about the history and the science. We are no longer in 1990 when the claims were in doubt and many people attempted to replicate them, some with success. Many of the reasons for success and failure are now known. An explanation for the phenomenon is being developed and claims are being demonstrated for commercial-level power. Surely a writer for a magazine as important as Scientific American would know these facts and not continue using the myth that was created before the facts were known.

The author first erased it, but later restored it, adding, “With all due respect to Dr. Storms, I stand by my post.” She erased several messages from many different contributors. Here are two by Jed Rothwell:

If you are going to quote Robert Park, it seems to me you owe it to your audience to quote him when he brags publicly that he has never read a single paper. That is what he has said, repeatedly. He said it to a large crowd of people at the APS. If you do not believe me, ask him yourself. It is misleading to quote him as some sort of expert when he brags about the fact that he knows nothing.

The editors of the Scientific American also told me that they have read no papers on this subject, because ‘reading papers is not our job.’ Their assertions about cold fusion are also technically wrong. I published their comments here: http://lenr-canr.org/wordpress/?p=294

[Quoting a skeptical attack] Cude wrote: “I’m not aware of a single major university that has expressed the opinion that evidence for the claims of P&F is overwhelming.”

Professors at universities and at other institutions express that opinion. For example, the Chairman of the Indian Atomic Energy Commission said that, as did the world’s top expert in tritium at the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (NSF p. 13-3). In 1991, The Director of the Max Planck Institute for Physical Chemistry in Berlin wrote: “. . . there is now undoubtedly overwhelming indications that nuclear processes take place in the metal alloys.”

Hundreds of other distinguished experts in nuclear physics and other related disciplines have said they are certain cold fusion is real. They know this because they have conducted experiments and detected the reaction at high signal to noise ratios, and their experiments have survived rigorous peer-review. That is the only way anyone ever knows anything for sure in science. Replicated, high sigma experiments are the only standard of truth.